In Assyrian and Babylonian
mythology, Pazuzu (Sometimes Fazuzu or Pazuza) was the
king of the demons of the wind, and son of
the god Hanbi. He also represented the
southwestern wind, the bearer of storms and drought.
Pazuzu is the demon of the southwest wind known for bringing famine during dry
seasons, and locusts during rainy seasons. Recent research suggests Pazuzu may
have been associated with a cold, northeasterly wind.
Pazuzu was said to be invoked in amulets which combat the powers of his wife, the malicious
goddess Lamashtu, who was believed
to cause harm to mother and child during childbirth. Although Pazuzu is,
himself, an evil spirit, he drives away other evil spirits, thus protecting
humans against plagues and misfortunes.
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