Scooby-Doo is a long-running American animated series produced for Saturday
morning television in several different versions from 1969 to the present.
The original series, Scooby-Doo, Where Are You!, was
created for Hanna-Barbera Productions by writers
Joe Ruby and Ken Spears, CBS executive Fred Silverman, and character designer Iwao Takamoto. Hanna-Barbera produced numerous spin-offs and related
works until being absorbed in 2001 into Warner Bros. Animation, which has
handled production since then. Although the format of the show and the cast (and
ages) of characters have varied significantly over the years, the most familiar
versions of the show feature a talking dog
named Scooby Doo and four teenagers or young
adults: Fred "Freddie" Jones, Daphne Blake, Velma Dinkley, and Norville "Shaggy" Rogers.
These five characters (officially collectively known as "Mystery, Inc.", but
never referred to as such in the original series) drive around in the Mystery
Machine van, solving
mysteries by exposing seemingly otherworldly ghosts and monsters as flesh and
blood crooks. Later versions of Scooby-Doo featured different variations
on the show's supernatural theme, and include characters such as Scooby's cousin
Scooby-Dum and nephew Scrappy-Doo in addition to or
instead of some of the original characters.
Scooby-Doo was broadcast on CBS from 1969 to 1976, when it moved to ABC. ABC aired the show until
canceling it in 1986, and presented a spin-off, A Pup Named
Scooby-Doo, from 1988 until 1991, which featured the characters as
children. The series was revived for The WB Network's Kids' WB programming block as What's
New, Scooby-Doo?, which ran from 2002 until 2006. The most recent
Scooby-Doo series, Shaggy & Scooby-Doo Get a
Clue!, ran from 2006 to 2008 on The CW network; a new series, Scooby-Doo - Mystery, Inc., will
begin airing on the Cartoon Network in 2009
Scooby is brown from head to toe with several distinctive black spots on his
upper body. He is generally a quadruped, but displays bipedal 'human'
characteristics occasionally. He has a black nose and wears an off-yellow,
diamond shaped-tagged blue collar with an "SD" (short for Scooby-Doo) and has
four toes on each foot and unlike other dogs, Scooby only has one pad on the
sole of each of his feet (so that it was easier to draw in the Scooby-Doo
According to the official magazine that accompanied the 2002 movie,
Scooby is seven years old (forty-nine in dog years) and is a Great Dane.
In all versions of the character, Scooby-Doo and Shaggy Rogers share several
personality traits, mostly being scared easily and eating all of the time. But their friends (Velma, Daphne and Fred) encourage them to go after these
costumed villains usually with "Scooby Snacks", a biscuit-like dog treat or
cookie snack (usually shaped like a bone or as shown in later versions of the
cartoons Scooby's dog tag), though occasionally appealling to Scooby-Doo
inherent loyality and courage to take a more heroic stance. Indeed there are
episodes in which Scooby does not need to be enticed
with Scooby Snacks - however the bribe is usually the
best way to get him to do something!!
Over the course of Scooby-Doo's various spin-offs, various relatives
of Scooby were introduced:
Scooby's young nephew (and son of Scooby's sister Ruby-Doo), Scrappy is the
bravest of Scooby's relatives. Scrappy became a recurring character in the
Scooby-Doo series beginning in 1979, and was noted for being quite
headstrong and always wanting to face off in a fight against the various
villains (unlike his uncle). Scooby and Shaggy were present at Scrappy's birth.
- Yabba-Doo: According to
Yabba-Doo Yabba is Scooby's brother, a white dog owned by Deputy Dusty
in the American southwest. Unlike Scooby, Yabba is brave. Unlike Scooby's and
Scrappy's, his typical custom catch-phrase at the end is
"Yippity-Yabbity-Doooo!!!" (and not "Yabba-Dabba-Doo!", presumably due to another Hanna-Barbera
character's usage of that phrase).
- Scooby-Dum: Scooby's
cousin, a blue-grey dog. A Mortimer Snerd-esque dog who longed to be a
detective. Was rather dimwitted (he'd keep looking for clues even after
the mystery was solved).
- Scooby-Dee: Scooby's distant cousin, a white dog. Spoke with a Southern accent, and was an actress.
- Dooby-Doo: Scooby's cousin, a singer. He is one of Scooby's few
relatives to have hair on his head. Only appeared in "The 'Dooby Dooby Doo'
- Momsy and Dada Doo: Scooby's parents.
- Whoopsy-Doo: Scooby's cousin, a clown. Owned by Shaggy (Norville)'s
uncle, Gaggy Rogers.
- Ruby-Doo: Scooby's sister, and mother of Scrappy-Doo.
- Skippy-Doo: Scooby's brother. Highly intelligent. He wears glasses.
- Howdy-Doo: Scooby's brother. Enjoyed reading supermarket tabloid newspapers. He appears to become a redhead.
- Horton-Doo: Scooby's uncle. Was interested in monsters and science.
- Dixie-Doo: Scooby's cousin and the pet of Betty Lou, Shaggy's
- Grandpa Scooby: Scooby's grandfather.
- Great-Grandpa Scooby: Scooby's great-grandfather.
- Yankee-Doodle-Doo: Scooby's ancestor. Not much is known about him. He
appears to be a pilgrim.
- Dumper Scoots: A confused lion that thinks he is a dog. Having the
same speech pattern as Scooby-Doo, he believes he is Scooby's cousin.
Norville "Shaggy" Rogers
Shaggy closely reflects the 1960s era in which the original Scooby-Doo, Where Are You!
series was created, particularly in his manner of speaking (like he often punctuates his
sentences with the word "like") and his appearance—he is lanky, with shaggy
brown hair and a rough goatee, and typically wears a green T-shirt and brown
bell bottoms. Thus, he embodies elements of both the beatniks of the early 1960s and the hippies of the late 1960s, with the primary inspiration
for the character coming from Maynard G. Krebs, a beatnik character played
by Bob Denver in the early
1960's sitcom The Many Loves of Dobie
Gillis. Shaggy has been also shown wearing a red shirt and blue jeans in four 1980s
Scooby-Doo productions: the Saturday morning series The
13 Ghosts of Scooby-Doo and three TV movies: Scooby-Doo Meets the Boo
Brothers, Scooby-Doo and the Ghoul
School, and Scooby-Doo and the Reluctant
Werewolf. In Scooby-Doo and the Cyber
Chase, a TV movie about the Scooby-Doo characters meeting
artificial analogues of themselves in a virtual reality environment, Shaggy's
double wears the red shirt and blue jeans that the character wore in the
Both Shaggy and Scooby-Doo have nearly insatiable appetites,
and are readily
bribed by Scooby Snacks,
as well as tendencies towards goofing off and cowardice. They justify their
constant hunger by saying, "Being in a constant state of terror makes us
constantly hungry!". Due to these similarities, Shaggy typically treats Scooby as a normal
person rather than his pet. Shaggy uses his catch phrase "Zoinks!"
(although 'Zoikes! '
was once prominent) whenever he's surprised, scared, or embarrassed, which is
frequently. Because of Scooby and Shaggy's cowardly nature, a running gag is
that every time they split up to search for clues they always end up getting
chased around by the monsters (Shaggy actually states in one instance "Split up
and look for clues. Gotcha. See you when the monster chases us.") His other
catchphrase is "GAAANGWAAAAY!" when Scooby and Shaggy see a monster or before a
Although usually considered a coward, Shaggy often proves useful in ferreting
out the monsters and ghosts that are usually at the heart of the gang's
mysteries (sometimes by reluctantly acting as "live bait" for a trap), and
providing a necessary distraction for their eventual capture (the plans almost
always go wrong and he and Scooby are then chased for longer periods of time).
Shaggy also has athletic, disguise, and ventriloquism skills which often help the gang.
On a couple of occasions, he took his disguise skills so far he even dressed up
as Scooby-Doo himself (in the "Never Ape an Ape Man" episode of Scooby-Doo,
Where are You! and the 2003 What's New, Scooby-Doo? episode "A
Scooby-Doo Halloween"). Shaggy is also a miniature golf champion from the '60s,
and was described by Daphne as "the swingingest gymnast in school," in the pilot
episode of Scooby-Doo, Where are You! ("What a Night for a Knight"), as
he helps the gang break into a museum by leaping from the top of a ladder and
swinging through an open window a few feet above. In the episode, "Mystery Mask
Mix-up," Shaggy claimed to know Judo, but
this was most likely a bluff. Also, in the episode "Bedlam in the Big Top"
(episode 10, Scooby-Doo, Where are You!) Shaggy describes himself as a
"track man" who can run very fast. In the series A Pup Named
Scooby-Doo, Shaggy is called "Norville" by his dad.
Originally, "Shaggy" was merely a reference to his appearance, which
carpeting. However, in Shaggy & Scooby-Doo Get a
Clue!, it is implied that the nickname "Shaggy" comes from an abbreviation
of the name "Shaggleford," the last name of Shaggy's rich uncle.
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