Collection of the dead





A zombie is an undead person in the Afro-Carribean and Creole spiritual belief system of Voodou. These folkloric zombies are humans who have had their "Ti Bon Ange" or soul stolen by supernatural means and shamanic medicine, and are forced to work for their "zombie master" as uncomplaining slaves on isolated plantations. Other more macabre versions of zombies have become a staple of modern horror fiction, where they usually engage in human cannibalism.

In 1968, George A. Romero's night of the Living Dead premiered. Critics initially reacted negatively to its depiction of cannibalism and gore and the movie's pessimistic tone, but the film soon developed a strong following and is now considered a modern classic. Though cannibalism in horror was nothing new at the time, the movie standardised the practice of eating human flesh in zombies, and created new rules still in use today, such as a severe head injury being the only way to kill a zombie. The depiction of zombies staggering around slowly, moaning and in various states of decomposition, can also be traced back to Romero's movies. Romero's even more successful sequel, Dawn of the Dead (1978), can be regarded as the precursor to the modern zombie movie subgenre. The third entry in the series was Day of the dead(1985), followed two decades later by the fourth entry, Land of the Dead (2005). The original movie made no reference to the creatures as "zombies," but rather as "ghouls", though the word was used once in the sequel. It is quite likely that the term "zombie" was coined in reference to the trance-like stupor of the creatures, not their cannibalistic tendencies. By 2005, the term was accepted by Romero, with the Land of the Dead character Kaufman (Dennis Hopper) exorting "Zombies, man. They creep me out."


George Andrew Romero (born February 4th 1940is an American director, writer, editor and actor. He is best known for his Dead series, a tetralogy of horror movies featuring a zombie apocalypse theme and a commentary on modern society.

He was born in new York City to Puerto Rican catholic parents. Romero attended Pittsburgh's Carnegie Mellon University and after quitting university, he began shooting short films and commercials. One of his early commercial films, a segment for Mr. Roger's Neighborhood, in which Mr. Rogers underwent a tonsillectomy, inspired Romero to go into the horror film business. He and friends formed Image Ten Productions in the late 1960s, and they chipped in roughly $10,000 apiece to produce what became one of the most celebrated horror films of all time: night of the Living Dead 91968). The movie, directed by Romero and co-written with John A. Russo, became a cult in the 1970s. Romero updated his original screenplay and executive produced the remake of night of the living dead directed by Tom Savinii for Columbia / Tristar in 1990.

Romero's films during the nine years after 1968's Night of the Living Dead were less popular: there's always vanilla (1971)), jacks wife/Season of the witch (1972) and the Crazies (1973). Though not as acclaimed as Night of the Living Dead or some of his later work, these films have his signature social commentary while dealing with primarily horror-related issues at the microscopic level. The Crazies, dealing with a biospill that induces madness, and the critically acclaimed arthouse success Martin (1977), a film that strikingly deconstructs the vampire myth, were the two standout efforts during this period. Like almost all of his films, they were shot in or around Romero's favorite city of Pittsburgh.

In 1978, Romero returned to the zombie genre with Dawn Of The Dead (1978). Shot on a budget of just $500,000 (the producers gave a false figure of $1.5 million to help their negotiating position with distributors), the film earned over $55 million worldwide and was named one of the top cult films by Entertainment Weekly in 2003. Romero made a third entry in his "Dead Series" with Day of The Dead (1985), which this was less popular at the box office.

During this period, Romero also made Knightriders (1981), another festival favorite about a group of modern-day jousters who reenact tournaments on motorcycles, and the successful Creepshow (1982), written by Stephen king, an anthology of tongue-in-cheek tales modeled after 1950s horror comics.

Throughout the latter half of the 1980s and 90s, Romero made various films, including Monkey Shines (1988) about a killer monkey, Two Evil Eyes (1990), an Edgar Allan Poe adaptation in collaboration with dario Argento, the Stephen king adaptation the dark Half (1992)and Bruiser (2000), about a man whose face becomes a blank mask.

Romero had a cameo appearance in Jonathan Demme's Academy Award-winning the Silence of the lambs in 1991 as one of Hannibal Lester's jailers.

In 1998, Romero returned to the horror scene, this time in the form of a commercial. He directed the live action commercial shot (promoting the videogame resident Evil 2) which was shot in Tokyo, Japan. The 30 second advertisement was live action and featured the game's two main characters, Leon S. Kennedy and Claire redfield, fighting a horde of zombies while in Raccoon City's Police Station. The project was a natural for Romero, as the Resident Evil series has been heavily influenced by Romero's "Dead" series. The commercial was rather popular and was released in the weeks before the game's actual release, although a contract dispute prevented the commercial from being shown outside Japan. Capcom was so impressed with Romero's work, it was strongly indicated that Romero would direct the first resident Evil film. He initially declined, stating in an interview, "I don't wanna make another film with zombies in it, and I couldn't make a movie based on something that ainít mine", although in later years he reconsidered and wrote a script for the first movie. While many were impressed with the script (which garnered positive reviews), it was eventually rejected in favor of Paul W. S. Anderson's treatment.

Universal Studios produced and released a remake of Dawn of The Dead in 2004, in which Romero was not involved (though he expressed admiration for the Snyder film in a graphic novel adaptation of the remake). Later that year, Romero kicked off the DC comics title Toe Tags with a six-issue miniseries titled The Death of Death. Based on an unused script that Romero had previously written as a sequel to his "Dead Trilogy", the comic miniseries concerns Damien, an intelligent zombie who remembers his former life, struggling to find his identity as he battles armies of both the living and the dead. Typical of a Romero zombie tale, the miniseries includes ample supply of both gore and social commentary (dealing particularly here with corporate greed and terrorism - ideas he would also explore in his next film in the series, land of The dead). Romero has stated that the miniseries is set in the same kind of world as his "Dead" films, but featured other locales besides Pittsburgh, where the majority of his films take place.

Romero, who still lives in Pittsburgh, completed a fourth "Dead" movie, land of The Dead (formerly known as Dead Reckoning), in Toronto, Ontario, with a $16 million production budget (the highest in Romero's career). It was released on June 24, 2005 to generally positive reviews.



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